late 19th early 20th Centuries

Description of logging operations and practices for the Reynolds Bros Mill, Northern New York Sate late 19th early 20th Centuries

The Reynolds Bros. Logging Operations  

Reynolds Bros Mill Logs on the banks of the Deer River, Reynoldston, NY 1922 - P020401 photo courtesy of the Adirondack Museum

A major division of the Reynolds Bros. Mill operation was the logging camps they ran to house and feed the men who worked in the logging woods.  At its peak during the Brooklyn Cooperate Contract beginning in 1910, the Reynolds Bros operated  four logging camps  and employed more than one hundred men cutting hardwood in the forests of Reynoldston.  At its peak the company owned about 10,000 acres of land in the southern portion of the Town of Brandon. 

Operating and maintaining this size of operation in such an isolated area was no small feat and required good organizational skills, a vast amount of supplies and teams to transport food and material into the camps as well as using many of the same teams to draw out the logs. 

Much of the hardwood the Reynolds’s cut was from the southern and western part of the township of Brandon. The seemingly endless process of buying, denuding and selling of land by the mill moved the logging camps further and further from Reynoldston. By 1918 the Reynolds mill had exhausted the biggest and best hardwood trees in the area. After 1918 and until the Reynolds operation ceased in Reynoldston about 1924 softwood or pulp was the major income of the mill.

 

 

Beatrice  Beaman Remembers –
 
 “My Father worked in the mill and my Uncle Newton worked in the mill.And of course there was buying and selling …my dad did that a good deal.  He went out and traveled through the west  and  into Canada. 

Pretty near every family up there worked in the mill.   There might have been 50.  Then in winter
when they were running the camps people on farms outside who had teams would come in with their teams and sleds and work through the winter and they would work …some of them lived down at the mill and some of them lived at the camps…and the ones who lived at the mill would get up early and start up to load up and the ones at the camp had already loaded up the night before and they
would come down and would keep going both way and each team would make about two
trips a day.  The ones from the camp would come down and unload and go back and load and come back and unload and go back and then they would load up ready to start in the morning.
 

Oh there were a lot of houses for them where the people lived who worked their all the time and the ones who came in to work some of them lived at grandma’s and I know we had two men who lived with us.  And of course my uncle came up with his team and a friend from over the line in Canada.  People who were farmers who had good sturdy teams see they did not work them in the winter so they would send them up there to work and of course the skidding horses they were local mostly  …they were old horses not very spirited and they were the ones who when the trees were cut put
them into piles on the skid way…and then they were brought  down to the mill or
then it came to pulp sometimes it was piled , a quite lot of pulp was piled and then brought down later.  I don’t know so much about that since that was after I left  they did more of the
pulp.
 

Well they came down out of the woods which was higher in the woods.   The mill and settlement was in a valley there.  They had roads built all through the woods to you see I think they came from the pond and come down across the pond ..came onto the pond up farther and come on the ice down. Tthere wasn’t any way to come in I don’t think without coming down the road and coming back
across he bridges.  There were no roads in above the river …not in to the mill”

Beatrice Reynolds Beamanoral history interviews Tape 1 page 3 1970 

 

Eugene Bordeaux

“No. no, no…rode on the logs.” “They had a a dry ass they called them (bag of hay) so you
wouldn’t get wet..  If you sit on the logs the heat of your body, you would get wet…so they used that dry ass…that is the only name I ever heard…something like a cushion see…called a dry ass.”
             “Well yes they just rolled them off the sleds…most of them they put right on the pond…dumped them on the pond…rolled them right off the sleds onto the pond.  And when that got all filled up they would put them on the side the bank and then they would roll them in the spring as they wanted them..”

Eugene Bordeaux oral history interviews 1969/70 tape 8 p.10


Tom Campbell

Oliver Trushaw over here, he used to have a team of horses and he used to work, he used to draw lumber from the Reynolds’ out to Malone.  I used to do that a lot. Why they used to work out with their teams.  In the winter time they used to draw logs here with the Reynolds in the woods.   Of course the Reynolds’ had four teams of their own.  But, they sold a lot of lumber out to Malone.(Reynolds’ lumber camps)  Some of them would stay there for a week.   In the winter time or fall, some of them would stay there for a week.  In the winter time they would have a camp up there for the loaders, you know for the men to work on the road, but all the teams would come from here and go up in the woods and get a load and come down.

Tom Campbell oral history interviews March 1970 tape 1 p. 1


Newpaper article about Reynolds Bros Logging: 

Adirondack News 
SATUBDAY* SEPTEMBER 10, 1919 St. Regis Falls 

“Reynolds Bros, have cut and peeled about 7,000 cords of pulp wood on their tract this season and are skidding It ready to haul to Malone the coming, season. As they have a large amount of hardwood cut for delivery to their mill In Reynoldston they will probably use their Holt caterpillar tractors for hauling this through the woods to their mill, as the tractors will go on short hauls where teams cannot go. The pulpwood deliveries here will probably be made by horse-drawn sleds, many farmers’ teams being practically Idle during the winter. The company has found it Is easy to get laborers this season: When the present pulp wood cut Is delivered the total tor last year and this will reach about 11,000 cords.”

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Logging Gallery

27/09/2011

Logging Gallery

Reynolds Bros Mill Logs ca. 1920 P020401 photo courtesy of the Adirondack Museum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Logging Camps 1880-1925

Photos of Reynolds Mill Logging Camps 1880-1925

[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_cabins-for-logging-camp-on-river-1.jpg]340Logging Camp cabins on Deer River from glass negative ca. 1880
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_camp-logging-early-photo-ca-1890.jpg]470Logging Camp cabines Reynolds Bros. Mill ca. 1880
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_postcard-of-reynoldson-ny-ca-1900.jpg]410Postcard of Reynoldston, ca 1900
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_reynolds-bros-logging-camp-in-front-of-the-cook-shack-ca-1900.jpg]510Workers in front of the cook shack Reynolds Bros Logging Camp ca. 1900
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_camp-3-reynolds-bros-logging-reynoldston-new-york.jpg]420Reynolds Bros Logging Camp # 3 Reynoldston New York
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_drawing-logs-in-reynoldston-ca-1900-2.jpg]400Drawing of logs Reynolds Bros Mill ca. 1900
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_hunting-party-at-a-logging-camp.jpg]520Hunting party at Reynolds Bros Loging Camp ca. 1910
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_drawing-logs-in-reynoldston-ca-1900.jpg]460Drawing of logs Reynolds Bros Mill ca. 1900
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_engine-on-its-side-on-the-brooklyn-cooperage-spur-line-into-brandon-ca-1910.jpg]430Engine on the side of the Brooklyn cooperate logging rail line into Brandon ca. 1910
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_loading-logs-onthe-brooklyn-cooperage-rail-spur-ca-1910.jpg]410Loading Logs on the Brooklyn Cooperage rail line ca. 1910
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_mill-pond-full-of-softwood-logs.jpg]360Reynolds Bros. Mill pond
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_newton-reynolds-near-pulp-logs-in-reynoldston-ny.jpg]360Postcard of Reynoldston New york and pulp wood
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_old-brooklyn-cooperage-railroad-bridge-over-deer-rivernear-reynoldston-p020402-1.jpg]400Old Brooklyn Cooperage railroad bridge over the Deer River Reynoldston
Photo courtesy of Adirondack Musuem p020402
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_oliver-trushaw-logging-in-the-woods-reynolds-ny-ca-1880-1-1.jpg]350Oliver Trushaw logging in the woods, reynoldston ca. 1880
from glass negative
Reynoldston NY
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_postcard-titled-unloading-logs-near-reynolds-bros-camp-no-3.jpg]430Postcard of unloading logs near Camp Number 3 Reynolds Bros Sawmill Reynoldston New York
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_reynolds-bros-logging-camp-3-reynoldston-new-york.jpg]380Reynolds Bros Logging Camp # 3 Reynoldston New York
Reynolds Bros Logging Camp # 3 Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_reynolds-bros-logging-camp-before-1900-1.jpg]390
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_rose-bailey-book-keeper-at-a-logging-camp.jpg]710Rose Bailey Miss Green the bookkeeper at C camp # 4 The cookshack is in the background
Rose Bailey Miss Green the bookkeeper at C camp # 4 The cookshack is in the background
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_theblind-horse.jpg]500“The Blind Horse” Reynolds Bros Sawmill & Yard Reynoldston New York
“The Blind Horse” Reynolds Bros Sawmill & Yard Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_unknown-woman-in-front-of-log-train-on-brooklyn-cooperage-spur-line-into-brandon-ca-1910.jpg]560Unknown woman on Brooklyn Cooperage Rail Line into Brandon
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_women-standing-on-brooklyn-cooperage-rail-spur-ca-1908.jpg]480Women on Brooklyn Cooperage Rail Line into Brandon
Reynoldston New York
[img src=http://www.reynoldstonnewyork.org/wp-content/flagallery/logging-camps-1880-1925/thumbs/thumbs_camp-3-bunkhouse-cook-shack-office-reynolds-bros-mill-bill-mercer-a-friend-1922-1.jpg]400Camp 3 bunkhouse, cookshack and office Reynold Bros Mill, Bill Mercer 1922

Photo courtesy of Adirondack MusuemReynoldston New York

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Conservation/Reforestation

August 20, 2011

Denuding the Forests:                When the Orville Reynolds and subsequently his four sons built their mill and logging  business in the latter half of the 19th Century, the concept of forest preservation and reforestation had not taken hold and it was only after so much of the forest canopy of the Adirondack and […]

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Brooklyn Cooperage Contract – 1908-18

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BROOKLYN COOPERAGE COMPANY   Reynolds Bros. Contract 1908-1918                  In 1900 the Brooklyn Cooperage Company made its first foray into Franklin County by building a stave mill in Tupper Lake and constructing a logging railroad to supply the mill   The company then gradually expanded operations northward, first to Santa Clara, where it took over the Hurd […]

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Life in Logging Camps

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Life in Logging Camps            The early Reynold’s logging camps were small, housing perhaps eight to ten men each.  Some of the loggers boarded with the Reynoldses, and not in the camps.  This changed after the Reynolds Bros. took over the mill operations after Orson Reynolds died in 1887.          The peak years for the camps […]

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Reynolds Bros. Logging & Camps

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Logging In Reynoldston   Early Settlers  Trees were the most abundant resource in the area and the community’s economy depended on the exploitation of this resource.  The first settlers to Reynoldston moved there to establish farms and as they cleared their lands, they used the forest wealth as a good source of cash income – […]

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